Common sense of wheelchair care
At these times, the elderly in the family may all need a suitable wheelchair:
- People who walk independently need wheelchair assistance;
- If you have suffered a trauma, such as a broken bone or a fall, it is recommended to bring a wheelchair when traveling outdoors and have safety insurance;
- Elderly people suffering from joint pain, physical weakness and difficulty walking, wheelchairs are also a guarantee of travel safety.
If you are sure that you need a wheelchair throughout your life, you need to choose a product suitable for the elderly. What should be paid attention to when choosing a wheelchair? How to care for the elderly in wheelchairs? They are very knowledgeable. In order for parents to have a healthier and happier old age, they must learn this little common sense!
How to choose the right wheelchair? These details cannot be ignored!
No matter what kind of wheelchair is used, the comfort and safety of passengers should be ensured. The main stress on wheelchair users is the ischial tuberosity, thigh and shoulder area. Therefore, when choosing a wheelchair, please pay attention to whether the size of these parts is appropriate to avoid skin abrasion, abrasion and pressure that produces bedsores.
1. Seat width
After the elderly sit in a wheelchair, there should be a gap of 2.5-4 cm between the thigh and the armrest.
① If the seat is too wide, the arms will be stretched too tightly when pushing the wheelchair. It is easy to get tired, the body will not be able to maintain balance, and it will not be possible to pass through narrow aisles. When the elderly are resting in a wheelchair, their hands cannot be placed comfortably on the armrests.
② If the seat is too narrow, the skin on the buttocks and outer thighs of the elderly will be worn away, which will cause inconvenience to the elderly in getting on and off the wheelchair.
2. Backrest angle
Under normal circumstances, the upper edge of the backrest should be about 10 cm below the armpit, approximately equal to the width of the palm.
① The lower the backrest, the larger the range of movement of the upper part of the body and the arms, and the more convenient the functional activities, but the smaller the supporting surface will affect the stability of the body. Therefore, only the elderly with good balance and easy mobility can choose a low-waist wheelchair.
② The higher the backrest, the larger the supporting surface, which will affect physical exercise, so the height should be adjusted according to different groups of people.
The correct seat length is that when an elderly person sits down, the front edge of the cushion is 6.5 cm behind the knee and is about 4 fingers wide.
① If the seat is too long, it will cause the knees to fall back, compress blood vessels and nerve tissue, and wear down the skin.
② If the seat is too short, pressure on the buttocks will increase, causing discomfort, pain, soft tissue damage and bedsores.
4. Seat and footrest height
The height of the seat and the pedal are in a coordinated relationship. If the seat is higher, the pedals are relatively low, otherwise the pedals are higher. Under normal circumstances, the elderly sit in a wheelchair and place their lower limbs on the pedals. At this time, the front 1/3 of the lower thigh is about 4 cm higher than the front edge.
① If the seat is too high or the footrest is too low, the lower limbs will lose support and hang in the air, and the body will not be able to maintain balance.
② If the seat is too low or the footrest is too high, the buttocks will bear all the gravity, making the elderly feel uncomfortable. Sitting for a long time can damage the soft tissues of the buttocks and make it difficult to operate the wheelchair.
5. Armrest height
In the case of arm adduction, the forearm is placed on the back of the armrest, and the elbow joint is bent about 90 degrees, which is normal.
① If the armrests are too high, the shoulders are easy to fatigue, and pushing the rim may cause scratches on the upper arm skin.
② When the armrest is too low, driving the wheelchair will easily tilt the upper arm forward and tilt the body toward the wheelchair. If the wheelchair is operated in a forwardly inclined position for a long time, it may cause deformation of the spine, compression of the chest, and difficulty breathing.
Reminder: Youjie Tech produces various types of wheelchairs, including manual wheelchairs, electric wheelchairs and electric scooters for the elderly. We understand your needs and provide you with the most professional services. A suitable wheelchair manufacturer must be found!
Get technique: the correct way to use a wheelchair
We must take care of the elderly who have limited mobility and need wheelchairs.
Before helping the elderly sit in a wheelchair, you must first understand the physical condition and mobility of the elderly, and communicate with the elderly to inform them that they will rotate their bodies so that the elderly can actively cooperate.
After unfolding the wheelchair, please press it with both hands first to see if the cushion is soft, comfortable, dry and fresh.
Pay attention to the use of wheelchairs
Before using the wheelchair, please check whether the air pressure of the wheelchair’s pneumatic tires is sufficient? Is the brake intact? Are the pedals and seat belts intact?
Unfold the wheelchair and lay it flat, push it to the side of the bed at an angle of 30-40 degrees to the bed, fix the brake, raise the pedal to help the elderly; release the pedal, put your foot on the pedal, and then it’s fixed. Seat belt; release the parking brake to push.
Family members and caregivers should lean the body of the elderly on the back of the wheelchair, and then continue to walk forward after sitting down.
The elderly should not sit in a wheelchair for too long each time. Every 30 minutes or so, relatives or nursing staff should help the elderly to stand correctly or change their sitting posture to avoid bedsores caused by prolonged pressure on the buttocks.
Many people fail to pay attention to details in the process of caring for the elderly. When supporting or lifting an elderly person in a wheelchair, please remember to let the elderly release and fasten the seat belt firmly to prevent the elderly from slipping and falling.
Before the old man gets in the wheelchair, he must first raise the footstool, wait until the old man sits firmly, and then put the footstool under the old man’s feet.
Many people do not pay attention to the placement of seat belts. For example, after unfastening the seat belt of the elderly, they place the seat belt freely on the front of the seat or on the cushion. This can easily cause the seat belt to break and the seat belt to get stuck on the wheel. Every time you loosen the seat belt, be sure to place it on the back of the chair.